Different types of salmon fish

What are the different types of Salmon Fish?

Here’s everything you need to know about different types of salmon fish, including wild vs farmed, red vs silver and how to choose the healthiest option that’s best for your diet needs. Salmon has been shown to help reduce body fat levels as well as improve brain function so this article will cover a variety of information that could be beneficial to you no matter what your diet goals are.

Salmon types

Sockeye Salmon

Sockeye Salmon

Also known as red salmon, coho salmon is usually available fresh or frozen. Unlike king and sockeye salmon, coho has a lower fat content, making it an excellent option for those who prefer leaner fish options. It also cooks faster than its cousins, making it ideal when time is limited.

Coho salmon is typically used in recipes that call for salmon fillets or steaks instead of whole fish like baked salmon with dill sauce. It’s also commonly found on sushi menus. For snacking out of hand, look for vacuum-packed portions sold in cans or pouches to keep them fresher longer.

Be sure to rinse your canned coho fillets well before use to get rid of any excess salt used during processing.

Atlantic Salmon

Atlantic Salmon

The Atlantic salmon is found in oceans and rivers, but it isn’t particularly common in freshwater. The largest populations of these fish are found in North America, specifically Canada and Greenland.

This species can grow to about 8 pounds and is often used for food or sport. They’re also commonly farmed for their tasty meat. Atlantic salmon typically live around five years, but some individuals have been known to live up to 25 years!

Pink Salmon

2 Pink Salmons

These salmon have pinkish flesh and are typically smaller than other types of salmon. Pink salmon live in streams and lakes; they also migrate from saltwater to freshwater as they mature.

An average adult pink salmon weighs up to three pounds, but it is not uncommon for them to weigh 10 pounds or more. Pink salmon typically spend only two years in freshwater before returning to sea; when they return, their colour darkens due to their new diet.

Chinook Salmon

California Chinook Salmon

Also known as King Salmon, Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is the largest species of Pacific salmon. A wild-caught large male can weigh 60 lbs or more and have a body length of around 48 inches.

The flesh is lean with a buttery flavour; a far cry from what most people experience when they eat farm-raised salmon. They have dark, almost black dorsal fins and reddish-orange patches on their tails which makes them easily identifiable among other salmon species.

Silver Salmon

Silver Salmon

This is an albino variety of Chinook salmon that has a lower fat content and milder flavour than its coloured brethren. The fact that it is an albino means its meat lacks any notable colouration, which affects both appearance and taste. They are harvested in Alaska, Canada and Washington State in both wild-caught and farmed versions.

Steelhead Trout vs. Salmon

Steelhead vs Salmon

Both Salmon and Steelhead Trout are members of a broad species called Salmo Salar. As with many fish in an extended family, there can be some confusion as to which name best describes each individual specimen.

The most common misconception is that Steelhead refers to a type of Salmon, or that Salmon refers to any fish found in a river or stream. But these fish have very specific names based on their location, life cycle and physical characteristics.

Salmon in Our Daily Life

Salmon fish can be used in cooking and other foods. They can be fresh, frozen or canned. Canned salmon is found in every grocery store and it’s also a convenient option when you don’t have enough time to cook something elaborate.

A lot of people prefer buying canned salmon over fresh salmon because they think that they may get more nutritional benefits from eating canned one since it hasn’t been frozen first.

How to Clean Freshly Caught Salmon fish (or other fish)?

After you’ve caught your fresh fish, there are a few things you need to do in order to prepare it for cooking. First, fillet and gut it—that’s getting rid of its guts and removing any bones that can get stuck in your throat. If you want to cook your fish in parts, like steaks or fillets, then there’s also skinning involved.

cleaning a fish by a man

To clean salmon fish like a pro follows these simple steps:

  1. Slice off fins with a kitchen knife.
  2. Cut off the head at base of gills with sharp kitchen shears; remove gills from inside body cavity with fingers (they will come off easily).
  3. Rinse fish thoroughly inside and out, pat dry on paper towels or newspaper (do not wash under running water as fish absorbs water very quickly).
  4. Fillet/Skin into 2-inch wide pieces, rinse pieces thoroughly and pat dry again (will minimize oil absorption).
  5. Gut fish by making a cut just behind anal fin so intestines fall into sink.
  6. Rinse fish one last time (with warm, clean water) before cooking…bon appétit! Freshwater vs Saltwater vs Hatchery vs Farmed Fish types: The real difference between each type of salmon is where they were born and what they eat while they mature.


Salmon fish is extremely rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which have many health benefits and play a role in disease prevention. It’s also very good for weight loss and general well-being. Plus, it tastes great!

You should definitely include salmon fish on your menu at least once a week. If you’re still confused about what types of salmon fish to serve up, just remember that no matter what variety you pick, you’ll be serving your body healthy nutrients.






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